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Reliance Industries all set to make India the Epicenter of a Global Submarine Cable Network

by Sai Vardhan

Reliance Industries all set to make India the Epicenter of a Global Submarine Cable Network

June 3, 2021

After dominating the telecom connectivity space within India, the country's richest man, Mukesh Ambani, is all set to put India at the center of an international submarine cable network.

On May 17, Ambani’s empire, Reliance Industries, announced that its telecom underling, Reliance Jio Infocomm, is constructing the world’s most extensive international submarine cable system centered around India.

“Implementing these crucial endeavors in the gloom of a global pandemic is a challenge, but the ongoing pandemic has only expedited the digital transformation. And the condition of high-performance global connectivity for the delivery of a richer experience to enterprises and consumers,” Mathew Oommen, president of Reliance Jio, said in an article. Reliance Jio is working with several global collaborators to deploy two next-generation cables to benefit the remarkable growth in the data market in India, the report said.

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Reliance Jio building largest international submarine cable system centred on India

What is a Submarine Cable System?

An integrated tunnel of cables plopped on the ocean’s surface is known as a submarine cable system. These cables facilitate data transfer from one land-based area to another. The network comprises lines, hardware elements, and the infrastructure that creates communication feasible.

According to a 2015 study by Telegeography, around 99% of the worldwide data transfer is done via submarine cable systems underground.

The two cables that Reliance Jio is setting are named India-Asia-Xpress (IAX) and India-Europe-Xpress (IEX).

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A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the sea bed between land-based stations to carry telecommunication signals.

Networks, In Deep

The IAX system will engage India eastbound to Singapore and beyond, while the IEX system will engage the westbound countries to West Asia and Europe. The systems will seamlessly interconnect and connect to the world’s prime inter-exchange junctures and content centers to expand service globally.

“IAX and IEX will strengthen the proficiency for customer and corporation users to ticket content and cloud benefits in and out of India,” Reliance Industries explained.

What is different about Jio's systems?

Emphasizing the significance of its cable systems, which are anticipated to stretch across 16,000 kilometers, Reliance Industries asserted that this was the “first time in the record of fiber optic submarine telecommunications” that such a system has placed India at the center of the global network sphere.

The IAX and IEX systems will be competent and high-speed systems, holding more than 200Tbps (terabits per second) of capacity. Notably, submarine communications are rapidly fast and inexpensive than satellites.

Apart from the seamless connection of both the subsea systems IAX and IEX, the two methods also pertain to the Reliance Jio Global Fiber Network beyond the Asia Pacific and Europe, binding to the corporation’s east and west coast.

The IAX is anticipated to be initiated in 2023, while IEX will be handy by 2024, and both the projects are worth waiting for.

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