The Republic of Sudan Has More Pyramids than Egypt!

by Sushree Mohanty

The Republic of Sudan Has More Pyramids than Egypt!

June 5, 2021

Pyramids and Egypt are always visualized together. While the world knows that pyramids are associated with Egypt, there are more pyramids in Sudan than Egypt. Sudan has approximately 255 discovered pyramids compared to 138 Egyptian pyramids, which means Sudan bags the record for the most number of pyramids in the world.

"Just like the Egyptians, the Kushites entombed their royalty below tall pyramids - presumably to help their souls reach up to the heavens - but structurally, the buildings are quite different. For starters, the Nubian pyramids are far steeper and narrower, and they're built from stepping stones, as opposed to the smooth surfaces of the wider Egyptian pyramids."

- Fiona MacDonald (in a report)
Sudan has approximately 255 discovered pyramids compared to 138 Egyptian pyramids.


You must have heard about Egyptian pyramids. Okay! Let’s take a sec and reminisce about the animated comedy series – Scooby-Doo and the mysteries around the pyramids. It was one of our favorite childhood movies where we saw pyramids for the first time. 

And if such a kind of animated series or cartoons have never been your favorite, the National Geographic or Discovery Channel has always associated Egypt’s history, art and culture to pyramids and not just the land of mere sand and dust. So, the moment one speaks of Egypt, many of us transport ourselves to the land of massive triangular tombs.

Have you heard of Nubian pyramids?

Imagine a movie portraying ancient civilization in arid terrain, so is an ancient city situated more than approximately a hundred kilometers away from the Sudanese capital Khartoum. Relatively unnoticed and forgotten by the modern-day world, this place has the most pyramids in the world.

The Nubian Meroe pyramids are found near Bagrawiyah and on the east bank of the Nile river. These pyramids are steeper and smaller but just as impressive as the more famous Egyptian ones. Meroe is the capital of the Kingdom of Kush, an ancient African kingdom now known as the Republic of Sudan. These pyramids got their name from the ancient city of Meroe. 

Yes! So, it’s clear that Sudan is the country with the most pyramids in the world. It has approximately 255 known and distinct pyramids compared to Egyptian pyramids viz. 138 in number.

The Nubian Meroe pyramids are found near Bagrawiyah and on the east bank of the Nile river.

Origin of Sudanese Pyramids

Did the Egyptians build these Pyramids? No, these Sudanese pyramids were not created by any Egyptian ruler. Instead, Sudan’s pyramids were constructed by members of the Kingdom of Kush, an ancient civilization that ruled from 1070 BC to 350 AD. 

Over 500 years after the Egyptian pyramids, the Kushites started building their pyramids. Although the style, structure, size and design differed slightly, both the Sudanese and Egyptian cultures used these pyramids to entomb their dead. The average length of Sudanese pyramids stands roughly 20 to 98 feet tall, while the intermediate famous Egyptian structure is around 453 feet.

The Kushite pyramids have been concentrated in the ancient city of Meroë, which lies near today’s Sudan. This ancient city of Sudan alone consists of 200 out of the country’s 255 pyramids. However, without knowing who had built them and around what period they were built, most archaeologists still have questions about the Sudanese pyramids and are still searching for what is unknown to the world.

Questions, Research and Updates!

The researchers and archaeologists aren’t sure enough about what methods have been used, who and how many people built these giant structures, and why these Sudanese pyramids were infamous. The most important of all general questions is what happened to the civilization as a whole.

The good news is that the advancement of science and technology has made it possible to employ drones, map out the unnoticed areas, spot information and scan the surrounding geographical base and help the team of archaeologists working in Meroë to figure out the natural history.

Egypt is known to be home to humongous pyramids, but it is not the home to the world’s largest pyramid. World’s largest pyramid is the Quetzalcóatl Pyramid of Cholula de Rivadavia, present in Mexico City.


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